The average person is not equipped with the capabilities of surviving a long stay in a cave.
Professional cavers are armed with ways to protect themselves in case they are trapped.
Here are 7 ways to survive in a cave.
1. Always Be Prepared
Even before taking the first step, your survival is largely determined by your preparation. Before embarking on your journey, try to hire a professional caver.
Always ensure that your clothes are made of synthetic fabric to guarantee warmth.
Fill your backpack with extra clothing, an emergency blanket, an original and spare light source, batteries and of course food and water rations.
2. Remember Your Path
It is always good to take note of your surroundings and remember landmarks.
Always mark your way at all intersections of the cave. You can even use rocks to form arrowheads that point the way out from the path you entered.
Get creative. Leave glow sticks or even coloured rubber bands.
Just ensure that your markings are unique and do not overlap with previous markings made by other cavers.
3. Seek The Peek
When trapped in a cave, the first step is to access your situation for any immediate danger.
Especially, flooding. Wet slime, leaves and mud on the walls of the cave are all signs of water.
Keep away from any greats heights within the cave to avoid rockfall.
4. Stay Warm
Hypothermia is a major risk. Wring out your clothes or change into your spare garments.
Use your plastic bag or emergency blanket for extra layers of warmth.
If travelling in a group, stay huddled together. And always stay out of water bodies.
5. Hydrate Yourself
Refill your water bottles but beware of tainted water bodies within the cave. Vomiting and diarrhea will only create worse problems.
Dirty water does not pose immediate issues. However, it might cause upset tummies.
Inlets and little slithers may contain fresh water.
But the depleting amount of food rations is still a larger problem.
6. Oxygen Levels
A majority of caves have been found to provide replenished oxygen.
However, carbon dioxide levels can rise if a large number of people are trapped in a small space for a long time.
Agreed by rescuers that the lack of oxygen is not a major problem, it is not uncommon for lower levels of air.
But, it still depends on the cave.
7. Brain Strain
You now have all the steps to survive being trapped in a cave. But probably the most internally challenging is staying calm.
Never panic. It will only cause you to drain your energy.
Stay positive and help will sure be on the way.